Gregory Co is a listed company and, until 1 October 20X5, it had no subsidiaries. On that

Gregory Co is a listed company and, until 1 October 20X5, it had no subsidiaries. On that date, it acquired 75% of Tamsin Co’s equity shares by means of a share exchange of two new shares in Gregory Co for every five acquired shares in Tamsin Co. These shares were recorded at the market price on the day of the acquisition and were the only shares issued by Gregory Co during the year ended 31 March 20X6.

The summarised financial statements of Gregory Co as a single entity at 31 March 20X5 and as a group at 31 March 20X6 are:

Other information:

(i) Each month since the acquisition, Gregory Co’s sales to Tamsin Co were consistently $2m. Gregory Co had chosen to only make a gross profit margin of 10% on these sales as Tamsin Co is part of the group.

(ii) The values of property, plant and equipment held by both companies have been rising for several years.

(iii) On reviewing the above financial statements, Gregory Co’s chief executive officer (CEO) made the following observations:

(1) I see the profit for the year has increased by $1m which is up 20% on last year, but I thought it would be more as Tamsin Co was supposed to be a very profitable company.

(2) I have calculated the earnings per share (EPS) for 20X6 at 13 cents (6,000/46,000 x 100) and for 20X5 at 12·5 cents (5,000/40,000 x 100) and, although the profit has increased 20%, our EPS has barely changed.

(3) I am worried that the low price at which we are selling goods to Tamsin Co is undermining our group’s overall profitability.

(4) I note that our share price is now $2·30, how does this compare with our share price immediately before we bought Tamsin Co?

Required: (a) Reply to the four observations of the CEO. (8 marks)

(b) Using the above financial statements, calculate the following ratios for Gregory Co for the years ended 31 March 20X6 and 20X5 and comment on the comparative performance:

(i) Return on capital employed (ROCE)

(ii) Net asset turnover

(iii) Gross profit margin

(iv) Operating profit margin

Note: Four marks are available for the ratio calculations. (12 marks)

Note: Your answers to (a) and (b) should reflect the impact of the consolidation of Tamsin Co during the year ended 31 March 20X6.

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

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  • 发布时间:2018-03-06
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After preparing a draft statement of profit or loss (before interest and tax) for the year

After preparing a draft statement of profit or loss (before interest and tax) for the year ended 31 March 20X6 (before any adjustments which may be required by notes (i) to (iv) below), the summarised trial balance of Triage Co as at 31 March 20X6 is:

The following notes are relevant:

(i) Triage Co issued 400,000 $100 6% convertible loan notes on 1 April 20X5. Interest is payable annually in arrears on 31 March each year. The loans can be converted to equity shares on the basis of 20 shares for each $100 loan note on 31 March 20X8 or redeemed at par for cash on the same date. An equivalent loan without the conversion rights would have required an interest rate of 8%.

The present value of $1 receivable at the end of each year, based on discount rates of 6% and 8%, are:

(ii) Non-current assets:

The directors decided to revalue the leased property at $66·3m on 1 October 20X5. Triage Co does not make an annual transfer from the revaluation surplus to retained earnings to reflect the realisation of the revaluation gain; however, the revaluation will give rise to a deferred tax liability at the company’s tax rate of 20%.

The leased property is depreciated on a straight-line basis and plant and equipment at 15% per annum using the reducing balance method.

No depreciation has yet been charged on any non-current assets for the year ended 31 March 20X6.

(iii) In September 20X5, the directors of Triage Co discovered a fraud. In total, $700,000 which had been included as receivables in the above trial balance had been stolen by an employee. $450,000 of this related to the year ended 31 March 20X5, the rest to the current year. The directors are hopeful that 50% of the losses can be recovered from the company’s insurers.

(iv) A provision of $2·7m is required for current income tax on the profit of the year to 31 March 20X6. The balance on current tax in the trial balance is the under/over provision of tax for the previous year. In addition to the temporary differences relating to the information in note (ii), at 31 March 20X6, the carrying amounts of Triage Co’s net assets are $12m more than their tax base.

Required:

(a) Prepare a schedule of adjustments required to the draft profit before interest and tax (in the above trial balance) to give the profit or loss of Triage Co for the year ended 31 March 20X6 as a result of the information in notes (i) to (iv) above.

(b) Prepare the statement of financial position of Triage Co as at 31 March 20X6.

(c) The issue of convertible loan notes can potentially dilute the basic earnings per share (EPS). Calculate the diluted earnings per share for Triage Co for the year ended 31 March 20X6 (there is no need to calculate the basic EPS).

Note: A statement of changes in equity and the notes to the statement of financial position are not required.

The following mark allocation is provided as guidance for this question:

(a) 5 marks

(b) 12 marks

(c) 3 marks

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

The following scenario relates to questions 11–15.Mighty IT Co provides hardware, software

The following scenario relates to questions 11–15.

Mighty IT Co provides hardware, software and IT services to small business customers.

Mighty IT Co has developed an accounting software package. The company offers a supply and installation service for $1,000 and a separate two-year technical support service for $500. Alternatively, it also offers a combined goods and services contract which includes both of these elements for $1,200. Payment for the combined contract is due one month after the date of installation.

In December 20X5, Mighty IT Co revalued its corporate headquarters. Prior to the revaluation, the carrying amount of the building was $2m and it was revalued to $2·5m.

Mighty IT Co also revalued a sales office on the same date. The office had been purchased for $500,000 earlier in the year, but subsequent discovery of defects reduced its value to $400,000. No depreciation had been charged on the sales office and any impairment loss is allowable for tax purposes.

Mighty It Co’s income tax rate is 30%.

In accordance with IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers, when should Mighty IT Co recognise revenue from the combined goods and services contract?

A.Supply and install: on installation Technical support: over two years

B.Supply and install: when payment is made Technical support: over two years

C.Supply and install: on installation Technical support: on installation

D.Supply and install: when payment is made Technical support: when payment is made

In January 20X6, the accountant at Mighty IT Co produced the company’s draft financial statements for the year ended 31 December 20X5. He then realised that he had omitted to consider deferred tax on development costs. In 20X5, development costs of $200,000 had been incurred and capitalised. Development costs are deductible in full for tax purposes in the year they are incurred. The development is still in process at 31 December 20X5.

What adjustment is required to the income tax expense in Mighty IT Co’s statement of profit or loss for the year ended 31 December 20X5 to account for deferred tax on the development costs?

A.Increase of $200,000

B.Increase of $60,000

C.Decrease of $60,000

D.Decrease of $200,000

For each combined contract sold, what is the amount of revenue which Mighty IT Co should recognise in respect of the supply and installation service in accordance with IFRS 15?A.$700

B.$800

C.$1,000

D.$1,200

In accordance with IAS 12 Income Taxes, what is the impact of the property revaluations on the income tax expense of Mighty IT Co for the year ended 31 December 20X5?

A.Income tax expense increases by $180,000

B.Income tax expense increases by $120,000

C.Income tax expense decreases by $30,000

D.No impact on income tax expense

Mighty IT Co sells a combined contract on 1 January 20X6, the first day of its financial year.

In accordance with IFRS 15, what is the total amount for deferred income which will be reported in Mighty IT Co’s statement of financial position as at 31 December 20X6?

A.$400

B.$250

C.$313

D.$200

请帮忙给出每个问题的正确答案和分析,谢谢!

The following scenario relates to questions 6–10.On 1 January 20X5, Blocks Co entered into

The following scenario relates to questions 6–10.

On 1 January 20X5, Blocks Co entered into new lease agreements as follows:

Agreement one This finance lease relates to a new piece of machinery. The fair value of the machine is $220,000. The agreement requires Blocks Co to pay a deposit of $20,000 on 1 January 20X5 followed by five equal annual instalments of $55,000, starting on 31 December 20X5. The implicit rate of interest is 11·65%.

Agreement two This three-year operating lease relates to a fleet of vans. The fair value of the vans is $120,000 and they have an estimated useful life of five years. The agreement requires Blocks Co to make no payment in year one and $48,000 in years two and three.

Agreement three This sale and leaseback relates to a cutting machine purchased by Blocks Co on 1 January 20X4 for $300,000. The carrying amount of the machine as at 31 December 20X4 was $250,000. On 1 January 20X5, it was sold to Cogs Co for $370,000 and Blocks Co will lease the machine back for five years, the remainder of its useful life, at $80,000 per annum.

According to IAS 17 Leases, which of the following is generally considered to be a characteristic of an operating, rather than a finance, lease?

A.Ownership of the assets is passed to the lessee by the end of the lease term

B.The lessor is responsible for the general maintenance and repair of the assets

C.The present value of the lease payments is approximately equal to the fair value of the asset

D.The lease term is for a major part of the useful life of the asset

For agreement one, what is the finance cost charged to profit or loss for the year ended 31 December 20X6?

A.$23,300

B.$12,451

C.$19,607

D.$16,891

The following calculations have been prepared for agreement one: How will the finance lease obligation be shown in the statement of financial position as at 31 December 20X7?

A.$44,120 as a non-current liability and $49,271 as a current liability

B.$49,271 as a non-current liability and $44,120 as a current liability

C.$93,391 as a non-current liability

D.$93,391 as a current liability

For agreement three, what profit should be recognised for the year ended 31 December 20X5 as a result of the sale and leaseback?A.$24,000

B.$120,000

C.$70,000

D.$20,000

For agreement two, what would be the correct statement of profit or loss entries for the year ended 31 December 20X5?A.Depreciation of $24,000 and no lease rental expense

B.No depreciation and lease rental expense of $32,000

C.Depreciation of $24,000 and lease rental expense of $32,000

D.No depreciation and lease rental expense of $48,000

请帮忙给出每个问题的正确答案和分析,谢谢!

The following scenario relates to questions 1–5.Aphrodite Co has a year end of 31 December

The following scenario relates to questions 1–5.

Aphrodite Co has a year end of 31 December and operates a factory which makes computer chips for mobile phones. It purchased a machine on 1 July 20X3 for $80,000 which had a useful life of ten years and is depreciated on the straight-line basis, time apportioned in the years of acquisition and disposal. The machine was revalued to $81,000 on 1 July 20X4. There was no change to its useful life at that date.

A fire at the factory on 1 October 20X6 damaged the machine leaving it with a lower operating capacity. The accountant considers that Aphrodite Co will need to recognise an impairment loss in relation to this damage. The accountant has ascertained the following information at 1 October 20X6:

(1) The carrying amount of the machine is $60,750.

(2) An equivalent new machine would cost $90,000.

(3) The machine could be sold in its current condition for a gross amount of $45,000. Dismantling costs would amount to $2,000.

(4) In its current condition, the machine could operate for three more years which gives it a value in use figure of $38,685.

In accordance with IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment, what is the depreciation charged to Aphrodite Co’s profit or loss in respect of the machine for the year ended 31 December 20X4?

A.$9,000

B.$8,000

C.$8,263

D.$8,500

What is the total impairment loss associated with Aphrodite Co’s machine at 1 October 20X6?A.$nil

B.$17,750

C.$22,065

D.$15,750

The accountant has decided that it is too difficult to reliably attribute cash flows to this one machine and that it would be more accurate to calculate the impairment on the basis of the factory as a cash-generating unit.

In accordance with IAS 36, which of the following is TRUE regarding cash generating units?

A.A cash-generating unit to which goodwill has been allocated should be tested for impairment every five years

B.A cash-generating unit must be a subsidiary of the parent

C.There is no need to consistently identify cash-generating units based on the same types of asset from period to period

D.A cash-generating unit is the smallest identifiable group of assets for which independent cash flows can be identified

On 1 July 20X7, it is discovered that the damage to the machine is worse than originally thought. The machine is now considered to be worthless and the recoverable amount of the factory as a cash-generating unit is estimated to be $950,000.

At 1 July 20X7, the cash-generating unit comprises the following assets:

In accordance with IAS 36, what will be the carrying amount of Aphrodite Co’s plant and equipment when the impairment loss has been allocated to the cash-generating unit?

A.$262,500

B.$300,000

C.$237,288

D.$280,838

IAS 36 Impairment of Assets contains a number of examples of internal and external events which may indicate the impairment of an asset.

In accordance with IAS 36, which of the following would definitely NOT be an indicator of the potential impairment of an asset (or group of assets)?

A.An unexpected fall in the market value of one or more assets

B.Adverse changes in the economic performance of one or more assets

C.A significant change in the technological environment in which an asset is employed making its software effectively obsolete

D.The carrying amount of an entity’s net assets being below the entity’s market capitalisation

请帮忙给出每个问题的正确答案和分析,谢谢!

Top Trades Co has been trading for a number of years and is currently going through a peri

Top Trades Co has been trading for a number of years and is currently going through a period of expansion.

An extract from the statement of cash flows for the year ended 31 December 20X7 for Top Trades Co is presented as follows:

Which of the following statements is correct according to the extract of Top Trades Co’s statement of cash flows?

A.The company has good working capital management

B.Net cash generated from financing activities has been used to fund the additions to non-current assets

C.Net cash generated from operating activities has been used to fund the additions to non-current assets

D.Existing non-current assets have been sold to cover the cost of the additions to non-current assets

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

When a gain on a bargain purchase (negative goodwill) arises, IFRS 3 Business Combinations

When a gain on a bargain purchase (negative goodwill) arises, IFRS 3 Business Combinations requires an entity to first of all review the measurement of the assets, liabilities and consideration transferred in respect of the combination.

When the negative goodwill is confirmed, how is it then recognised?

A.It is credited directly to retained earnings

B.It is credited to profit or loss

C.It is debited to profit or loss

D.It is deducted from positive goodwill

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

Trasten Co operates in an emerging market with a fast-growing economy where prices increas

Trasten Co operates in an emerging market with a fast-growing economy where prices increase frequently.

Which of the following statements are true when using historical cost accounting compared to current value accounting in this type of market?

(1) Capital employed which is calculated using historical costs is understated compared to current value capital employed

(2) Historical cost profits are overstated in comparison to current value profits

(3) Capital employed which is calculated using historical costs is overstated compared to current value capital employed

(4) Historical cost profits are understated in comparison to current value profits

A.1 and 2

B.1 and 4

C.2 and 3

D.3 and 4

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

On 1 October 20X1, Bash Co borrowed $6m for a term of one year, exclusively to finance the

On 1 October 20X1, Bash Co borrowed $6m for a term of one year, exclusively to finance the construction of a new piece of production equipment. The interest rate on the loan is 6% and is payable on maturity of the loan. The construction commenced on 1 November 20X1 but no construction took place between 1 December 20X1 to 31 January 20X2 due to employees taking industrial action. The asset was available for use on 30 September 20X2 having a construction cost of $6m.

What is the carrying amount of the production equipment in Bash Co’s statement of financial position as at 30 September 20X2?

A.$5,016,000

B.$6,270,000

C.$6,330,000

D.$6,360,000

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

On 1 October 20X5, Anita Co purchased 75,000 of Binita Co’s 100,000 equity shares when Bin

On 1 October 20X5, Anita Co purchased 75,000 of Binita Co’s 100,000 equity shares when Binita Co’s retained earnings amounted to $90,000.

On 30 September 20X7, extracts from the statements of financial position of the two companies were:

What is the total equity which should appear in Anita Co’s consolidated statement of financial position as at 30 September 20X7?

A.$125,000

B.$470,000

C.$345,000

D.$537,500

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

Rooney Co acquired 70% of the equity share capital of Marek Co, its only subsidiary, on 1

Rooney Co acquired 70% of the equity share capital of Marek Co, its only subsidiary, on 1 January 20X6. The fair value of the non-controlling interest in Marek Co at acquisition was $1·1m. At that date the fair values of Marek Co’s net assets were equal to their carrying amounts, except for a building which had a fair value of $1·5m above its carrying amount and 30 years remaining useful life.

During the year to 31 December 20X6, Marek Co sold goods to Rooney Co, giving rise to an unrealised profit in inventory of $550,000 at the year end. Marek Co’s profit after tax for the year ended 31 December 20X6 was $3·2m.

What amount will be presented as the non-controlling interest in the consolidated statement of financial position of Rooney Co as at 31 December 20X6?

A.$1,895,000

B.$1,495,000

C.$1,910,000

D.$1,880,000

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!

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